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Please join StudyMode to read the full document. . Regional Languages Of Pakistan Introduction: Pakistan is a multi-lingual country. How to write a proper essay Bromsgrove International School Thailand? No less than 24 languages and dialects are spoken by the people of Pakistan. There are five regional languages . english article Wycliffe College? Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, and Kashmiri. These languages are rich in literature, poetry, folk songs, and spiritual quotes of their respective saints and contribute greatly to the culture of Pakistan. The regional languages , though distinct from english article Wycliffe College each other in critical thinking checklist deakin university (navitas), their forms, dialects and expressions of thoughts, have several common factors in them. How to write a fashion article Ellesmere College? They cultivate in them love, respect and a firm adherence to the Pakistan Ideology. National Language Urdu : Urdu is english article Wycliffe College the national language , and one of two official languages of Pakistan (the other being English). Although only about critical thinking checklist deakin university (navitas) 8% of english article Wycliffe College, Pakistanis speak it as their first language , it is spoken as a second and often third language by nearly all Pakistanis. english article Wycliffe College? Its introduction as the lingua franca was encouraged by the British upon the capitulation and annexation of Sindh and Punjab with the subsequent ban on english article Wycliffe College the use of Persian. The decision to make the language change was to institute a universal language throughout then British Raj in South Asia as well as minimize the influence of english article Wycliffe College, Persia, Ottoman Empire, Afghanistan and Central Asia had. .  Urdu - The Origin and History of the Language Published on February 17 2014 by english article Wycliffe College www.eautytask.com The term ' Urdu ' and its origin The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu languagedeveloped between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. english article Wycliffe College? These soldiers lived in close contact with each other and communicated in different dialects, which slowly and gradually evolved into present day Urdu . It is for this reason that Urdu is also referred to as Lashkari Zaban or language of the army. During its development Urdu language also assumed various names like the term Urdu -e-Maullah meaning the exalted army which was given by Emperor Shah Jahan and the term Rekhta meaning scattered (with Persian words) which was coined by the scholars for Urdu poetry. History and Evolution of Urdu Language Evolution and development of any language is writing a newspaper article stanstead college dependent on the evolution and development of a society where that language is spoken. english article Wycliffe College? Various invasions and critical thinking involves bromsgrove school conquests on a place affect the development of its language . Urdu is no exception as it also underwent various stages of development. Urdu . .  Language has been known as a symbol of identity since a long time. How to write a proper essay Bromsgrove International School Thailand? It is considered as a gelling force to keep the communities united. Urdu was the official language of the sub-continent and was spoken and used by english article Wycliffe College both, Hindus and Muslims. All groups had contributed towards the development of the language . The Urdu -Hindi controversy started with the fall of the Mughal Empire. english article Wycliffe College? This is because the Hindus felt that Urdu was a language of the invaders as many Turkish, Arabic and Persian words had been added to it. english article Wycliffe College? Therefore, the Hindus demanded a separate language which could rightly identify them and be nearer to their religion. Rahman (1996) says that according to the linguists, Urdu and Hindi are ‘two styles of the same language ’ as their basic vocabulary is the same; they differ in the word order abstract words. The style that is more inclined to Sanskrit is called Modern Hindi. People like Insha Allah made some efforts to escape the influence of Urdu words in Hindi, but were not very successful. How to write a proper essay Bromsgrove International School Thailand? Lallujilal Kavi and Sadal Misra are known to how to write a proper essay bromsgrove international school thailand, have advanced ‘Hindi’ at Fort William College in Agra as Lallujilal’s books Sihasan Battial (1801) and english article Wycliffe College Prem Sagar (1803-10) show relatively lesser use of Urdu words in it. Kavi’s successors ‘Sanskritized’ Hindi by english article Wycliffe College carrying out language planning. Role of Language and Script in english article Wycliffe College, Raising the Religious Revivalism in Colonial Punjab Ayesha Tabbasum Essay. . Role of Language and Script in Raising the Religious Revivalism in Colonial Punjab aYESHA TABBASUM The language played the significant role in the creation of identities among the major communities in pr-parathion India. The Urdu language had developed as a common language among all the communities and was, in the absence of a common religion the critical thinking checklist deakin university (navitas) North-western Provinces and various part other parts of the subcontinent. I.H.Qureshi, History of the Pakistan,(BCC& Press Karachi, university of karachi2006) 807. Language Controversy between Urdu and Hindi Although it was religion which was the write articles for money holderness school key defining feature of Muslim identity, the Urdu language was an important symbol. For Hindus, except for the religious communities, the symbol of religion had to be played down to avoid alienating other major religious communities. However, despite linguistic pluralism, the Hindi language remained an important symbol in english article Wycliffe College, the construction of the Hindu identity for the Hindu community. Tariq Rahman, language and english article Wycliffe College politics in Pakistan,(Karachi, oxford university press 1996) 60 As in english article Wycliffe College, colonial Punjab Hindu patshalas,which taught mantras and basic knowledge of the shastras, Muslims Quran schools, and critical thinking involves bromsgrove school Sikhs educational institutions which taught the english article Wycliffe College sacred text of Sikhism, the english article Wycliffe College Granth ,and the Gurumukhi Script of the Punjabi. . The Origin of the Urdu Language : The national language of the Pakistani people or our ‘qaumi zuban’ is interestingly, one that most of us learn as a second language . Unlike our first language , it is learnt primarily as a written phenomenon. english article Wycliffe College? In primary schools, the how to write a proper essay bromsgrove international school thailand child encounters its alphabet ‘alif bey pey’. Later, the very language he had toiled and fretted over befriends him and becomes the vital link between him and the multi lingual Pakistani society. The name ‘ Urdu ’ is derived from write articles for money holderness school Turkish ‘Ordu’ meaning ‘army’ or ‘horde. In 1645, Shah Jehan built the Delhi fort. The language spoken in the locality came to be termed Urdu . Critical thinking checklist Deakin University (Navitas)? It had been known in english article Wycliffe College, the past by a host of other names; Hindvi, Hindi, Rekhta, Shah Jahani ,Deccani and how to write a proper essay bromsgrove international school thailand Urdu -e-Mualla. english article Wycliffe College? ’ Urdu is a member of the Hindustani group of essay critical thinking the university of nottingham, languages which is a subgroup of the Indo Aryan group of languages . These languages genetically come under the Indo European family. Urdu has many similarities of grammar and lexicon with the languages of India and northern South Asia. The Punjabi language , written in english article Wycliffe College, the Shahmukhi script is very similar. However, spoken Punjabi has a different phonology and is not easily understood by Urdu speakers. The closest. . ------------------------------------------------- Urdu An Artificial Divide? Sudarsh Rathi,201125172 AsIf Hussain,201225086 RUDHIR SIDDHAM,201225195 Sudarsh Rathi,201125172 AsIf Hussain,201225086 RUDHIR SIDDHAM,201225195 The Question The purpose of this paper or 'the problem statement' is to analyze if Hindi and Urdu two separate languages , two varieties of a same language or a single variety. Some definitions before we proceed Register: Manner of speaking or writing specific to a certain function, that is, characteristic of a certain domain of communication (or of an institution), for example, the language of religious sermons, of parents with their child, or of an employee with his/her supervisor. Style: The characteristic use of language in a text. Critical thinking involves Bromsgrove School? When referring to the speaker, style is more or less the controlled choice of linguistic means, whereas in referring to texts, style is the specific form of language . For the reader or listener, style is the variation (or confirmation) of possible expectations, i.e. the observation and interpretation of linguistic specifics. Dialect Continuum: A dialect continuum, or dialect area, was defined by english article Wycliffe College Leonard Bloomfield as a range of dialects spoken across some geographical area that differ only slightly between neighboring areas, but as one travels in any direction, these differences accumulate such that speakers. Communilisation and Disintegration of Urdu in Anita Desai Incustody by Amina Yaqin Essay. . Communalization and how to write a proper essay bromsgrove international school thailand Disintegration of Urdu in Anita Desai’s In Custody 1 Introduction T  of english article Wycliffe College, Urdu in India is an extremely layered one which needs to be examined historically, politically and ideologically in order to grasp the how to write a proper essay bromsgrove international school thailand various forces which have shaped its current perception as a sectarian language adopted by Indian Muslims, marking their separation from the national collectivity. In this article I wish to explore these themes through the lens of literature, specifically an Indian English novel about Urdu entitled In Custody by Anita Desai. Writing in english article Wycliffe College, the early s, Aijaz Ahmad was of the opinion that the teaching of English literature has created a body of English-speaking Indians who represent “the only” overarching national community with a common language , able to imagine themselves across the disparate nation as a “national literary intelligentsia” with “a shared body of knowledge, shared presumptions and english article Wycliffe College a shared knowledge of mutual exchange” (, ).2 Arguably both Desai and Ahmad belong to this “intelligentsia” through the postcolonial secular English connection, but equally they are implicated in the discursive structures of cultural hegemony in civil society (Viswanathan , –; Rajan , –). However, it is not my intention to re-inscribe an authentic myth of english article Wycliffe College, origin about Indianness through linguistic associations, An earlier version of this essay was. . FIFTY YEARS OF LANGUAGE PLANNING FOR MODERN HINDI The Official Language of India 1. ABSTRACT Hindi - according to the 1991 Census of India, is english article Wycliffe College the mother tongue of 233,432,285 persons (22% of the entire Indian population), and is spoken as a language (which includes 47 or so mother tongues cobbled up under it) by 337,272,114 persons (42.22% of the entire Indian population). It is also used as a second language by another 6.16% of the population, and as a third language by yet another 2.60% by other language speakers. How to write a proper essay Bromsgrove International School Thailand? In total, in India, Hindi is known officially to 50.98% of Indians and, thus, has the status of write articles for money holderness school, the major language of english article Wycliffe College, the nation. How to write a proper essay Bromsgrove International School Thailand? The adoption of the Indian Constitution in 1951 that accepted Hindi as the official language of the Indian Union radically changed the course of the development of Hindi. Hindi lacked even any standardization at that juncture. The history of Modern Hindi, thus, is the history of english article Wycliffe College, 50 years of planned development. As official language of the Union and several states, Hindi is used from the lowest unit of administration panchayat (village government) to the National Parliament, and has replaced English to a great extent. Now, Hindi is taught as a language in the domain of education. The Three Language Formula, adopted as an educational strategy to essay critical thinking the university of nottingham, foster national integration in.