The skill called "close reading" is fundamental for interpreting literature. "Reading closely" means developing a deep understanding and a precise interpretation of a literary passage that is based first and foremost on the words themselves. But a close reading does not stop there; rather, it embraces larger themes and ideas evoked and/or implied by how to improve english essay writing college du leman
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It is essential that we distinguish between doing a close reading and writing one. Doing a close reading involves a thought process that moves from small details to define richard aiglon college
larger issues. Writing a close reading begins with these larger issues and uses the relevant details as evidence.
Getting Started: Treat the passage as if it were complete in itself. Read it a few times, at least once aloud. Concentrate on all its details and assume that everything is significant. Article guidelines Limkokwing University!
Determine what the argumentative essay writing prompts Washington Academy,
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try to paraphrase it. Make sure that you begin with a general sense of the passageâ€™s meaning. Word meaning: Determine the meanings of words and references. Also, note (and verify) interesting connotations of books on essay writing university of central florida
words. argumentative essay writing prompts Washington Academy!
Look up any words you do not know or which are used in unfamiliar ways. (Laziness in define richard aiglon college,
this step will inevitably result in diminished comprehension.) Consider the diction of the passage. What is the source of the language, i.e., out of argumentative essay writing prompts Washington Academy
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author coin any words? Are there any slang words, innuendoes, puns, ambiguities? Do the words have interesting etymologies? Structure: Examine the structure of the passage. argumentative essay writing prompts Washington Academy!
How does it develop its themes and ideas? How is the passage organized? Are there climaxes and best friend essay writing colegio montfort,
turning points? Sound and Rhythm: Acquire a feel for the sound, meter, and rhythm; note any aural clues that may affect the meaning. argumentative essay writing prompts Washington Academy!
Even punctuation may be significant. Be alert to argumentative essay writing prompts Washington Academy
devices such as alliteration, assonance, rhyme, consonance, euphony, cacophony, onomatopoeia. See a dictionary of poetics or rhetoric for precise definitions of these and other terms. Examine the meter of the passage in the same way. Is it regular or not? Determine whether the lines breaks compliment or complicate the meanings of the sentences. Syntax : Examine the syntax and the arrangement of words in the sentences. Does the syntax call attention to itself? Are the sentences simple or complex? What is the rhythm of the sentences? How do subordinate clauses work in the passage? Are there interesting suspensions, inversions, parallels, oppositions, repetitions? Does the syntax allow for ambiguity or double meanings? Textual Context: In what specific and general dramatic and/or narrative contexts does the passage appear? How do these contexts modify the meaning of the passage? What role does the passage play in the overall movement/moment of argumentative essay writing prompts Washington Academy
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passage noticeably lack imagery? If so, why? Rhetorical Devices: Note particularly interesting metaphors, similes, images, or symbols especially ones that recur in the passage or that were important for the entire text. How do they work with respect to the themes of argumentative essay writing prompts Washington Academy
the passage and the text as a whole? Are there any other notable rhetorical devices? Are there any classical, biblical or historical allusions? How do they work? Themes: Relate all of these details to possible themes that are both explicitly and implicitly evoked by the passage. Attempt to relate these themes to others appearing outside the define richard aiglon college,
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gender identity does it evoke? How does it represent womenâ€™s issues? Does it reveal something interesting about womenâ€™s writing? History : How does the passage narrate history? How does it present "facts" versus observations? Construct a Thesis: Based on all of this information and observation, construct a thesis that ties the details together. Determine how the passage illuminates the concerns, themes, and issues of the entire text it is a part of. Ask yourself how the passage provides insight into the text (and the context of the text). Try to determine how the books on essay writing university of central florida,
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Note that this process moves from the smallest bits of information (words, sound, punctuation) to argumentative essay writing prompts Washington Academy
larger groupings (images, metaphors) to larger concepts (themes). Also, the define richard aiglon college,
final argument is based on these smaller levels of the passage; this is why it is called a close reading. Of course your thought processes may not follow such a rigid order (mine usually donâ€™t). Just donâ€™t omit any of the steps.
The paper should begin with a closely argued thesis, which is the result of the last step above. Include a general orientation to the passage to be analyzed, explaining the text of origin and the author. The thesis depends on the how to improve english essay writing college du leman,
analysis already done, and the point is to relate all of the relevant details to that thesis. This means that some details may be omitted in the paper because they do not support or concern the thesis being argued. Define richard Aiglon College!
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unimportant features will draw attention from your thesis. However, you must be careful that you do not ignore details that contradict your thesis; if you find these, this means that you need to reevaluate your thesis and make it more complex (in other words, you donâ€™t necessarily have to abandon it altogether). Note that the order of the evidence presented should not follow the order of the passage being discussed. Article guidelines Limkokwing University!
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Donâ€™t let the passage walk you through your analysis; instead, re- organize the passage to how to improve english essay writing college du leman
suit your discussion of it. The body of the paper presents relevant textual evidence in a meaningful order. Avoid being overly mechanical in the organization of your paper. Article guidelines Limkokwing University!
That is, donâ€™t write one paragraph on diction, one on books on essay writing university of central florida
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technique. Make sure you donâ€™t read so closely that you transform a clear though complex passage into a bundle of nonsense. If you relate the argumentative essay writing prompts Washington Academy,
passage to text outside it, make sure your emphasis remains on the passage itself; do not neglect it in favor of external textual evidence.