The Modes of Discourse—Exposition, Description, Narration, Argumentation (EDNA)—are common paper assignments you may encounter in your writing classes. Although these genres have been criticized by some composition scholars, the Purdue OWL recognizes the ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College
wide spread use of these approaches and ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College,
students’ need to understand and produce them.
Contributors: Jack Baker, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth Angeli.
The argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the student to investigate a topic; collect, generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a position on the topic in ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College,
a concise manner.
Please note : Some confusion may occur between the argumentative essay and the ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College
expository essay. These two genres are similar, but the argumentative essay differs from the expository essay in the amount of pre-writing (invention) and research involved. The argumentative essay is commonly assigned as a capstone or final project in first year writing or advanced composition courses and involves lengthy, detailed research. Expository essays involve less research and are shorter in length. Expository essays are often used for in-class writing exercises or tests, such as the GED or GRE.
Argumentative essay assignments generally call for extensive research of ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College,
literature or previously published material. Help with writing an essay Lord Wandsworth College!
Argumentative assignments may also require empirical research where the student collects data through interviews, surveys, observations, or experiments. Detailed research allows the student to learn about the topic and to understand different points of view regarding the topic so that she/he may choose a position and support it with the argumentative essay organization st. clair college
evidence collected during research. Regardless of define critically analyse west buckland school,
the amount or type of research involved, argumentative essays must establish a clear thesis and follow sound reasoning.
The structure of the argumentative essay is held together by the following.
A clear, concise, and defined thesis statement that occurs in the first paragraph of the essay.
In the first paragraph of an argument essay, students should set the context by help with writing an essay lord wandsworth college,
reviewing the topic in a general way. Next the how to write review essay acs cobham international school
author should explain why the topic is undergraduate coursework kent school
important ( exigence ) or why readers should care about the issue. Lastly, students should present the thesis statement. It is essential that this thesis statement be appropriately narrowed to follow the ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College
guidelines set forth in the argumentative essay organization st. clair college
assignment. If the student does not master this portion of the essay, it will be quite difficult to compose an ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College
effective or persuasive essay.
Clear and logical transitions between the introduction, body, and conclusion.
Transitions are the ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College
mortar that holds the foundation of the essay together. Without logical progression of thought, the help with writing an essay lord wandsworth college
reader is unable to follow the essay’s argument, and the structure will collapse. Transitions should wrap up the undergraduate coursework kent school
idea from the previous section and critical thining stonar school,
introduce the ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College
idea that is to follow in the next section.
Each paragraph should be limited to the discussion of one general idea. This will allow for clarity and direction throughout the ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College
essay. In addition, such conciseness creates an ease of readability for ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College
one’s audience. Critical thining Stonar School!
It is important to note that each paragraph in the body of the essay must have some logical connection to the thesis statement in the opening paragraph. Some paragraphs will directly support the help with writing an essay lord wandsworth college
thesis statement with evidence collected during research. It is also important to explain how and why the ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College
evidence supports the thesis ( warrant ).
However, argumentative essays should also consider and explain differing points of view regarding the topic. Depending on the length of the assignment, students should dedicate one or two paragraphs of an argumentative essay to discussing conflicting opinions on the topic. Rather than explaining how these differing opinions are wrong outright, students should note how opinions that do not align with their thesis might not be well informed or how they might be out of date.
Evidential support (whether factual, logical, statistical, or anecdotal).
The argumentative essay requires well-researched, accurate, detailed, and current information to support the thesis statement and consider other points of view. ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College!
Some factual, logical, statistical, or anecdotal evidence should support the thesis. However, students must consider multiple points of view when collecting evidence. As noted in the paragraph above, a successful and well-rounded argumentative essay will also discuss opinions not aligning with the thesis. It is unethical to exclude evidence that may not support the thesis. It is not the student’s job to point out how other positions are wrong outright, but rather to explain how other positions may not be well informed or up to date on the topic.
A conclusion that does not simply restate the thesis, but readdresses it in light of the evidence provided.
It is at this point of the essay that students may begin to struggle. This is the portion of the essay that will leave the most immediate impression on the mind of the reader. Therefore, it must be effective and logical. Do not introduce any new information into the conclusion; rather, synthesize the information presented in the body of ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College,
the essay. Restate why the topic is important, review the ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College
main points, and review your thesis. You may also want to include a short discussion of more research that should be completed in light of your work.
Perhaps it is helpful to think of an essay in terms of a conversation or debate with a classmate. If I were to discuss the cause of World War II and its current effect on critical thining stonar school,
those who lived through the tumultuous time, there would be a beginning, middle, and end to the conversation. In fact, if I were to end the argument in the middle of define critically analyse west buckland school,
my second point, questions would arise concerning the current effects on those who lived through the conflict. Therefore, the argumentative essay must be complete, and logically so, leaving no doubt as to its intent or argument.
A common method for writing an ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College
argumentative essay is the five-paragraph approach. This is, however, by no means the only ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College
formula for writing such essays. If it sounds straightforward, that is because it is; in ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College,
fact, the method consists of (a) an introductory paragraph (b) three evidentiary body paragraphs that may include discussion of opposing views and (c) a conclusion.
Complex issues and detailed research call for complex and ncss summer school Oxford Tutorial College,
detailed essays. Argumentative essays discussing a number of research sources or empirical research will most certainly be longer than five paragraphs. Undergraduate coursework Kent School!
Authors may have to discuss the context surrounding the topic, sources of information and their credibility, as well as a number of different opinions on the issue before concluding the essay. Many of these factors will be determined by the assignment.
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