This represents a creative use of a tool designed for essay writing thesis statement West Buckland School,
a different purpose. Originally created for medical use, to help pediatricians “look” at essay writing thesis statement West Buckland School,
young hearts, the probe now helps linguists “look” at the tongue movements of rare languages.
Credit: Bonny Sands, Northern Arizona University.
As "globalization" increases, so does the loss of human languages. People find it easier to conduct business and communicate with those outside their own culture if they speak more widely used languages like Chinese, Hindi, English, Spanish or Russian. Children are not being educated in languages spoken by essay writing on football macromedia university for media and communication,
a limited number of people. As fewer people use local languages, they gradually die out.
At least 3,000 of the world’s 6,000-7,000 languages (about 50 percent) are about personal writing essay skoda auto university
to be lost. Why should we care? Here are several reasons.
The enormous variety of these languages represents a vast, largely unmapped terrain on which linguists, cognitive scientists and philosophers can chart the full capabilities—and limits—of the human mind . Each endangered language embodies unique local knowledge of the persuative essay john f. kennedy international school,
cultures and natural systems in the region in which it is spoken. These languages are among our few sources of evidence for understanding human history .
Those who primarily speak one of the personal writing essay skoda auto university,
world’s major languages may find it hard to understand what losing one’s language can mean--and may even feel that the world would be better off if everyone spoke the same language. In fact, the requirement to speak one language is often associated with violence. Repressive governments forbid certain languages and essay writing thesis statement West Buckland School,
cultural customs as a form of control. And conquered people resist assimilation by speaking their own languages and practicing their own customs.
On the positive side, one language can enrich another—for example, by essay writing thesis statement West Buckland School,
providing words and concepts not available in essay writing thesis statement West Buckland School,
the other language. Persuative essay John F. Kennedy International School.
Most languages (including English) have borrowed words of all kinds. Learning another language often brings an appreciation of personal writing essay skoda auto university
other cultures and people.
The study of professional essay writing services monash university
endangered languages also has implications for cognitive science because languages help illuminate how the brain functions and how we learn. Essay writing on football Macromedia University for Media and Communication.
“We want to know what the personal writing essay skoda auto university,
diversity of essay writing thesis statement West Buckland School
languages tells us about the ways the brain stores and paid to write essays hanze university of applied sciences,
communicates experience,” says Peg Barratt, NSF division director for behavioral and cognitive sciences. essay writing thesis statement West Buckland School.
“Our focus is not just on recording examples of languages that are soon to disappear, but on paid to write essays hanze university of applied sciences
understanding the grammars, vocabularies and structures of these languages.”
Preserving While Documenting.
Documentation is the key to preserving endangered languages. Linguists are trying to essay writing thesis statement West Buckland School
document as many as they can by describing grammars and structural features, by recording spoken language and essay writing thesis statement West Buckland School,
by using computers to store this information for study by scholars. Many endangered languages are only spoken; no written texts exist. So it is important to act quickly in order to essay writing thesis statement West Buckland School
capture them before they go extinct.
To help preserve endangered languages, E-MELD (Electronic Metastructure for Endangered Language Data) aims to boost documentation by:
duplicating and digitizing high-quality recordings in an archival form; emphasizing self-documenting and software-independent data; giving linguists a toolkit to analyze and latest topic for essay writing hebron academy,
compare languages; developing a General Ontology for Linguistic Description (GOLD) to allow interoperability of archives, and comparability of data and analysis.
In another kind of archiving, Joel Sherzer, Anthony Woodbury and Mark McFarland (University of Texas at Austin) are ensuring that Latin America's endangered languages are documented through The Archive of the Indigenous Languages of persuative essay john f. kennedy international school
Latin America (AILLA). This Web-accessible database of audio and textual data features naturally–occurring discourse such as narratives, ceremonies, speeches, songs, poems and conversation. Using their Web browsers, scholars, students and indigenous people can access the database, search and browse the contents and download files using free software.
Documentation is the right thing to do for both cultural and scientific reasons. According to NSF program director Joan Maling, we must explore as many different languages as we can to fully understand this uniquely human capacity—"Language" with a capital L. “Just as biologists can learn only from looking at many different organisms, so linguists and language scientists can learn only from studying many different human languages,” she says. essay writing thesis statement West Buckland School.
“Preserving linguistic diversity through documentation is critical to the scientific study of language.”
"Endangered Languages" - WAMU Interview with David Lightfoot, NSF Assistant Director for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences, March 7, 2007.
"The Rosetta Project" -An online digital library of reference materials for latest topic for essay writing hebron academy,
all documented human languages.