вЂњOur genes made us. We animals exist for their preservation and are nothing more than their throwaway survival machines.вЂќ This is what Richard Dawkins states in his book: The Selfish Gene. In his international best seller book, he argues that we are merely a product of argument essay introduction institut auf dem rosenberg,
our genes and our main purpose in life is to serve the genes, become distribution agents and defining Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland
ensure their proliferation. Before we take any stand to DawkinsвЂ™ statement, let us familiarize ourselves with what is meant when the term nature is used. Nature represents what we are born with and cannot control. Our biological make up is determined by the genes we receive from our parents (reside in the 23 pairs of chromosomes, 23 from each parent.) вЂњA gene is argument essay introduction institut auf dem rosenberg
a segment of DNA or a sequence of nucleotides in DNA that codes for coursewoks george brown college
a functional product,вЂќ (Tortora, Microbiology. p. 575.) These genes not only affect our outlook, but also play a significant role in determining our behavior and our well-being. вЂњThrough new genetic studies, clinical observation, and research on identical twins and adopted children, we are becoming increasingly aware that many of the human characteristics previously taken for granted as products of childhood rearing and environment are rooted in the genetic matrix.вЂќ, (Neubrauer, Peter. p 38) Studies of identical twins reared apart have provided researchers with a lot of clues about the how to write a critical evaluation essay pomfret school,
role of heredity in everyday life behavior. Twins (monozygotes) are of extraordinary importance when studying heredity because they share identical copies of genes. An interesting study on defining Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland,
twin brothers who were separated at birth and raised in different countries by respective adoptive parents showed that they both kept their lives neat, вЂneat to argument essay introduction institut auf dem rosenberg
the point of pathology.вЂ™ Their clothes were preened, appointments met precisely on critical analysis of journal article neoma business school,
When asked about the reason they felt to be so clean, the first one replied вЂќ My mother. Coursewoks George Brown College.
When I was growing up she always kept the house perfectly ordered. Writing essay myself Trinity College School.
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its proper place,вЂ¦ I learned from her. What else could I do?вЂќ When his twin brother was asked the same question he answered вЂњThe reason is coursewoks george brown college
quite simple. IвЂ™m reacting to my mother, who was an absolute slob.вЂќ, (Neubrauer, Peter P 21) In this example, we see a natural preference based on heredity. defining Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland.
Both twins blamed their mothers for their behaviors, while none of the mothers required such neatness. Another word for critical The University of Illinois in Chicago.
Another study on heredity and alcoholism conducted by defining Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland
Goodwin et al. (1973) indicated that adoptees with alcoholic parents were four times more likely to become alcoholics than those without, although there was no such relationship with alcohol misuse in adoptive parents, (Pelle, Stanton. p 2). Even though scientists have only defining Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland,
identified 16,000 out of the total 100,000 genes, many psychological diseases are on how to write a critical evaluation essay pomfret school,
the verge of being unraveled. Take for instance schizophrenia, a disease characterized by (hallucinations, delusions, flat or inappropriate emotional expression, paranoia and suspiciousness). How to write a critical evaluation essay Pomfret School.
New findings point out to its relatedness to genetics. Genetic markers for schizophrenia are founded on chromosomes 22, 6, 13, 8 and argument essay introduction institut auf dem rosenberg
9, (De Angelis, Tori. Boston globe.) These examples reveal the genetic role in our development. They also expose our predisposition to certain traits and behaviors.
The second camp sitting on the other side of the fence is the advocates for nurture. Here, nurture represents our surrounding: parents, class-mates, colleagues, our value system and our society as a whole. People in this camp argue that man is a product of his environment. Some extremists went as far as saying: give us any new born infant and we will shape him/her just the way we want, by placing him/her in the desired environment. вЂќ As one grows from infancy to adulthood, social experience plays a critical and constant role in the regulation of growth , behavior and emotions,вЂќ (Glick, Marion E.) Here we are told that social deprivation at defining Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland,
different stages of development can lead to abnormalities in the stress hormone system, which may produce severe and long-lasting physical, neural and psychological consequences. defining Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland.
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also interesting to consider the gender differences due to the change in environment. Few decades ago, women were considered inferior to men in defining Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland,
their achievements. Today, even though the misconception of gender roles in society is still present, we can clearly see the gap between men and women narrowing due to defining Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland
the change in environment. The new school emerging to help bring the nature nurture argument to rest professes that there is no war between nature and nurture. defining Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland.
Indeed, such war would be absurd because it is the interaction of nature and nurture that defines our behavior and well-being. Here, a question as вЂќ WHY DID YOU STEEL THE CAR? вЂњ, cannot be answered by: THE DEVIL MADE ME DO IT, or better yet, MY GENES MADE ME DO IT. In understanding a behavior, both nature and nurture are taken to consideration.
вЂњMoreover, it is another word for critical the university of illinois in chicago
perfectly obvious that human social life is related to human biologyвЂ¦Of course, neither biological nor cultural determinists ever wish entirely to exclude the essay writing online course chelsea independent college,
significance of the other.вЂќ (R.C Lewontin. p.267-268.) Many psychological illnesses can be explained as a result of combined genetics and environmental factors. As already stated in this paper, schizophrenia has genetic basis. defining Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland.
It is critical analysis of journal article neoma business school
also a fact that this mental disease is triggered by another word for critical the university of illinois in chicago
environmental factors including family factors and external stress. Paul Grobstein, in his articleвЂќGenes, Environments, and writing essay myself trinity college school
Individual ChoiceвЂќ explains that вЂњIn human development and defining Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland
behavior, as in the development and behavior of argument essay introduction institut auf dem rosenberg,
all other living organisms, the genome and the environment instead productively interact with one another, both contributing unique and valuable information to the emergence of distinctive individualsвЂќ It is also noteworthy to defining Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland
mention that no two individuals are the same. Not even monozygotic twins have the same environment. defining Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland.
вЂњEvery person is a unique and non recurrentвЂќ, (Dobzhansky, Theodosius. p.8) In sum, in this paper we can conclude that our development and behavior are products of the interaction between nature and nurture. Scientists confirm that we are predisposed to certain traits and behaviors, but this predisposition is susceptible to modification by how to write a critical evaluation essay pomfret school
genetics as well as environmental factors. We can no longer dwell on the question вЂњIs it Nature or Nurture That Determines Who We Are?вЂќ We learn that it is this combination of coursewoks george brown college,
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define our development and behavior.