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critical thinking is important Charterhouse

The typist needs to understand what is to be typed and should plan the copy for how to write an effective argumentative essay taunton school, the specific purpose it is to critical thinking is important Charterhouse, serve. When typing formal manuscripts or technical reports, it is important that the how to write an effective argumentative essay taunton school, typist should refer to manuals of goods style prepared by critical thinking is important Charterhouse authorities in this matter (Turabian and Campbell, 1967 and 1954). Reference manuals for stenographers and typist or standard handbook for secretaries will also be of great help. The typist should follow the standard rules and suggestions in critical thinking is important Charterhouse, these manuals for uniformity of spacing, margins, pagination, footnoting, etc. Footnoting. Explanatory notations at the bottom of the page used to cite an cheap essay writing service us colegio montfort, authority, to make incidental comments, to make cross-reference, or to make acknowledgements are called footnotes, (Turabian, 1967). Science critical thinking Ross School! These footnotes are indicated by critical thinking is important Charterhouse typing a superior (raised) figure immediately following the materials for which a reference is given. Turabian explains that these figures should be “elevated slightly above the line (but never a full space above it), and set after punctuations, if any. this can be done by rolling the cylinder toward you a half space and holding it in position as the superior figure is typed or use the selling by the computer system to write the footnote. critical thinking is important Charterhouse! Footnotes are separated from the last line of critical thinking is important Charterhouse manuscript as follows. Typing Manuscripts with Footnotes and Endnotes After typing the last manuscript line, single space and, with the underline key type a 1 ? inch line from the left margin. Double space, indent the left margin to paragraph point, type the appropriate superscript, and critical thinking is important Charterhouse then, without spacing type the footnote single spaced. Double space between footnotes. Footnotes in critical way brillantmont international school, a manuscript numbered consecutively, either for critical thinking is important Charterhouse, each chapter or continuously throughout the manuscript and are identical with the reference numbers. (Campbell, 1954). Footnotes and Endnotes are used to give credit to source of any materials borrowed. summarized or paraphrased. They are intended to refer readers to science critical thinking ross school, the exact pages of the works listed in the Works Cited, References, or Bibliography section. The main difference between Footnotes and Endnotes is that Footnotes are placed numerically at the foot of the very same page where direct references are made; while Endnotes are placed numerically at the end of the essay on a separate page entitles Endnotes or Notes. If you are still using a typewriter, a superscript number is typed half a space above the line after the last word of the citation, e. critical thinking is important Charterhouse! g. , “The Information Superhighway is giving way to how to write an effective argumentative essay taunton school, a Commercial Superhighway. critical thinking is important Charterhouse! “1 If you are using a word processor, you can access the superscript function. To type a Footnote citation, the same superscript number is put at the beginning of the Footnote at the bottom of the same page where the critical thinking is important Charterhouse, citation occurs. When monitoring a work for the first time, a full and complete Footnote or Endnote entry must be made. critical thinking is important Charterhouse! NOTE: Only one sentence is used a Footnote or Endnote citation, i. e. Cheap essay writing service us Colegio Montfort! , only one period or full stop is used at the end of method of essay writing thornton academy any Footnotes or Endnote citation. In a Bibliography, each citation consists of a minimum of three statements or sentence, hence each entry requires a Typing Manuscripts with Footnotes and Endnotes inimum of three periods, e. g. , a period after the informative essay writing deakin university (navitas), author statement, a period the title statement, and a period after the critical thinking is important Charterhouse, publication statement (publication/publisher/publication date). Essay writing website St. John's-Ravenscourt School! If you indent your paragraphs, the entire essay is cheap essay writing service us colegio montfort, typed double-spaced. Title of essay centered, 1” (2. 5 cm) margin on method of essay writing thornton academy, all four sides, page number at upper right hand corner ? ” (1. 25 cm) down from the top. If your instructor prefers that you do not indent your paragraphs, you must still double-space your lines, but you will need to quadruple-space between paragraphs. Endnotes must be listed numerically and consecutively, both in your essay and in your Endnote citation. Endnote numbers must be superscripted. In your text, add a superscripted number immediately after the quote or reference cited with no space. Endnotes. Endnotes must be added on a separate Endnotes or Notes page at the end of your essay just before the Works Cited or Bibliography page. All first Endnote references must be cited in full. Subsequent references of the same work may be shorted to include only the author’s last name and page number. If the critical thinking is important Charterhouse, source cited has no author stated, use whatever minimal information is needed to identify the same work previously cited, e. critical thinking is important Charterhouse! g. , short title and page number. Formerly, the Latin terms ibid. and op. cit. were used but they are no longer preferred. It is method of essay writing thornton academy, recommended that you use Endnote in place of Footnotes. This will eliminate the need to allow sufficient space to method of essay writing thornton academy, accommodate all the required Footnote entries at the bottom of the same page where your citations occur. If your instructor has no preference, use the critical thinking is important Charterhouse, much simpler Parenthetical Documentation in place of Footnotes or Endnotes. Typing Manuscripts with Footnotes and Endnotes Spacing. The standard rule for typing the main body of a manuscript or report is double spacing unless there is an special reason for single spacing it. Triple spacing is used before and informative essay writing deakin university (navitas) after the main heading while side headings (blocked and capitals are preceded by a triple space (2 blank lines) and followed by critical thinking is important Charterhouse a double space (1 blank line). Single spacing is used for listings, enumerations, long quotations, footnotes, and critical thinking is important Charterhouse other displays. Direct quotation of not more than three typewritten lines in length is run into the text and typed double spaced. A long direct quotation is typed single spaced. (Row, 1963) explain it this way: A quotation of three or fewer lines of critical thinking is important Charterhouse typing is displayed simply for being typed within quotation marks, but a longer quotation is given special display. It is single spaced and indented five spaces from regular margins on both sides. Margins. Unbounded manuscripts whose pages are not going to be fastened (like reports or articles for publication) are usually typed with at least one-inch on all sides. On the first page, however, an essay writing website st. john's-ravenscourt school, extra inch at the top is provided so that the top margin falls two inches deep. With top-bound pages, the top margin on all pages, except the first, is increased by one-half inch. With a side binding, the left margin is increased by one-half inch on all pages. Thus, on a side-bounded page the center of typed line moves to the right of actual center one-half the number of spaces left for informative essay writing deakin university (navitas), the binding. Pagination. Every page in critical thinking is important Charterhouse, a manuscript is assigned a number although not indicated on every page. For example, the first page, (where the title appears or the beginning of a chapter) no page figure is typed but a number is allowed for that page. The page number is usually typed one-half. Typing Manuscripts with Footnotes and method of essay writing thornton academy Endnotes or one inch form the top edge, aligned with the right margin and opposite the running head, if there is no running head, the page number is usually placed at the critical thinking is important Charterhouse, center of the page. Top-bound manuscript is usually placed at the center of method of essay writing thornton academy the page. critical thinking is important Charterhouse! Top-bound manuscript is usually numbered at the center, one or one-half inch at the bottom of the page. Typing Aids. critical thinking is important Charterhouse! In typing manuscripts with footnotes, special care should be exercised so that all the footnotes corresponding to the references that appear on the page are accommodated on the same page. This can be facilitated with the use of critical thinking is important Charterhouse typing aids. Some typists make a light pencil mark about an inch from the bottom of the page before they begin to type (Beamer, Marshall Hanne and Popham, 1962). This warning line indicates to the typist that he should stop typing on that page to allow for an adequate bottom margin. If a footnote must be placed on the page, the pencil mark can easily be raised three or four lines to indicate the point where the footnotes begins. The typist must remember to erase these marks after he removes the sheet of paper or carbon pack from the typewriter. Another typing aid is the use of a special guide sheet (Turabian). This may be made of an onion skin or a very thin type of paper and placed between the original copy and first sheet of carbon paper. critical thinking is important Charterhouse! It is cut the same length as the typing paper but extending one-half inch to critical thinking is important Charterhouse, the right where the numbers to indicate the cheap essay writing service us colegio montfort, line of critical thinking is important Charterhouse writing are typed. It may be typed in either black or red latters. (Lessenberry, 1965) , the “page-end indicator” – an enumerated backing sheet that is placed back of and extending slightly to the right of a full sheet (or carbon pack) to indicate at science critical thinking ross school, any time the page line being typed (Ibid). Typing Manuscripts with Footnotes and Endontes A simple and practical backing-sheet guide may be made as follows: 1. At the top right edge of a whole sheet, count numbers 1 to 13, downward. Mark every half inch. These marks will serve as a guide for determining the starting point for the page margins of the manuscripts being typed. 2. One inch from the bottom of the page, type “STOP”— a warning to insure a bottom margin of at least one inch. From this point, type lines 1 to critical thinking is important Charterhouse, 15 upward. This will indicate the number of how to write an effective argumentative essay taunton school writing lines available for typing the footnotes corresponding to reference on that page. Abbreviations used in Footnotes. Some footnotes are abbreviated to avoid typing several times a reference already used. For example, if a reference is the same as the ones immediately preceding, the abbreviation, (in the same place) is used, with the volume and page reference if they are different (Stuart, 1948) Further explanation of this term by critical thinking is important Charterhouse Lessenberry and Wanous is quoted as follows: When two footnotes contain reference to informative essay writing deakin university (navitas), the same work and one follows the other without any intervening footnote, use Ibid. the abbreviation for Ibidem (in the critical thinking is important Charterhouse, same place) (Lessenberry and Wanous) and the exact page number for the second footnote. When a footnote refers to the same work previously cited but of a different page and the intervention of one or two footnotes, use the critical thinking is important Charterhouse, author’s name and the notation op, cit… (the abbreviation from the Latin opere citato meaning in the work cited) plus the critical thinking is important Charterhouse, page number. The name of critical thinking is important Charterhouse the publication and other identifying date need not be repeated (Loc. Cit) When a footnote refers exactly to the same matter covered by a reference previously cited and the footnotes are in consecutive order on the same page, or the footnotes are consecutive but Typing Manuscripts with Footnotes and Endnotes n different pages, use loc, cit. (the abbreviation for loco citato, meaning “in the critical thinking is important Charterhouse, place cited,”) if the method of essay writing thornton academy, two references are exactly the same place in the work first cited, and an intervening footnote appears between the critical way brillantmont international school, two references, the author’s name is written, followed by critical thinking is important Charterhouse loc. cit (Campbell) When the use of typing aids, and the suggestions for spacing, margins, pagination, together with the illustration of cheap essay writing service us colegio montfort actual citations, references, and footnotes, typing manuscripts will no longer be a difficult task.