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Coexistence is a state in which two or more groups are living together while respecting their differences and resolving their conflicts nonviolently. Although the idea of coexistence is not new, the term came into common usage during the how to write expository essay examples kendall college,
Cold War. ielts essay writing tips Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas)?
The policy of 'peaceful coexistence' was used in the context of U.S. and U.S.S.R. relations. Initially, it was a cover for aggression, but then it developed as a tool for reframing the child labour essay writing trinity college school,
relationship between the two powers. In the late '80s, the policy of peaceful coexistence included principles such as "nonaggression, respect for sovereignty, national independence, and noninterference in internal affairs."
Coexistence has been defined in numerous ways:
To exist together (in time or place) and to exist in ielts essay writing tips Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas),
mutual tolerance. To learn to recognize and live with difference. To have a relationship between persons or groups in which none of the parties is child labour essay writing trinity college school,
trying to destroy the other. To interact with a commitment to tolerance, mutual respect, and the agreement to settle conflicts without recourse to violence.
At the core of coexistence is ielts essay writing tips Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas),
the awareness that individuals and groups differ in numerous ways including class, ethnicity, religion, gender, and political inclination. These group identities may be the causes of conflicts, contribute to the schemes of work institut montana zugerberg,
causes of conflicts, or may be solidified as conflicts develop and escalate. A policy of coexistence, however, diminishes the likelihood that identity group differences will escalate into a damaging or intractable conflict.
Additional insights into coexistence are offered by Beyond Intractability project participants.
Conflict is ielts essay writing tips Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas),
ubiquitous and ways to write an essay hanze university of applied sciences,
occurs at the individual, community, institutional, and national levels. Many conflicts are localized and expressed nonviolently. In fact, conflict can be constructive and in many instances it is fundamental to social change. However, conflict that is widespread and expressed violently appears to have increased over recent decades, impelling the global community to college preparatory electives shawnigan lake school
examine the root causes of conflicts and analyze conflict theory and management in greater detail. While times of coexistence do not exclude conflict, they do exclude widespread violence.
Coexistence exists before and after violent conflict. However, it is not static. Like all social environments, it fluctuates, depending on the level of social interaction. Coexistence exists in situations where individuals and communities actively accept and embrace diversity (active coexistence) and where individuals and communities merely tolerate other groups (passive coexistence). Communities that are not experiencing violent conflict can be located anywhere within this range.
Passive coexistence. This type of expository essay writing institut auf dem rosenberg,
coexistence occurs where relationships are characterized by ielts essay writing tips Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas),
unequal power relationships , little inter-group contact, and how to write a rationale for an essay university of manitoba/ international college of manitoba - navitas,
little equity. In short, the principles of social justice are not apparent here. While this type of environment may lack violence, the continuation of ielts essay writing tips Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas),
unequal relationships is unlikely to lead to the resolution of conflict. Institutions in this environment are not designed to support equality; consequently unjust and oppressive structures can be maintained. These structures often impede community growth, peace processes, and the expository essay writing institut auf dem rosenberg,
development of democracy. Yet since inter-group conflict is not widespread, the groups can still be said to ielts essay writing tips Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas)
coexist without violence.
Active coexistence. In this type of coexistence, relationships are characterized by a recognition and respect for diversity and an active embrace of difference, equal access to resources and opportunities, and equity in all aspects of life. This type of ielts essay writing tips Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas),
coexistence fosters peace and social cohesion based on justice, equality, inclusion, and equity. In addition, institutions in college preparatory electives shawnigan lake school,
this environment are designed to ensure fairness.
Finding peace in the whirlwind of war is a difficult and ielts essay writing tips Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas),
sometimes impossible task: ". the continuation of killings that accompany wars tends to perpetuate hatreds and stimulate vengefulness, thus fueling the continuation of the conflict. Such emotions not only hinder efforts to settle the conflict, but produce conditions that make the renewal of war more possible."
A state of coexistence provides psychological and physical conditions for individuals, organizations, and/or communities to reduce tensions, and for how to write a rationale for an essay university of manitoba/ international college of manitoba - navitas
peacemakers to attempt to resolve the causes of schemes of work institut montana zugerberg,
the conflict. This period of how to write expository essay examples kendall college,
nonviolence is especially useful post-war, as it provides an environment in which the causes of conflict can be addressed and peace can be envisioned, negotiated, and ielts essay writing tips Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas),
achieved. "The onset of a coexistence era allows common interests (such as economic ones) to emerge among the antagonists, giving both parties a strong stake in making the temporary stage a permanent one. It is this ongoing dynamic that . makes the concept of coexistence a particularly useful one in the resolution of ways to write an essay hanze university of applied sciences,
intractable ethnic conflicts."
While much of the scholarly writing on coexistence has focused mainly on international conflicts, its basic tenets -- recognizing diversity, the worth of the 'Other,' and nonviolence -- are applicable in other contexts. In fact, mediation at all levels (for example, interpersonal, organizational, and community) fosters coexistence as mediators encourage resolution and promote "the parties' mutual recognition of each other as fellow human beings despite their conflict."
Coexistence work is that which brings individuals, communities, and/or nations away from violence and towards social cohesion (see table below). Expository essay writing Institut auf dem Rosenberg?
This includes efforts that aim to address past wrongs, search for justice and ielts essay writing tips Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas),
forgiveness, build/rebuild communities, and explore ways for community structures and systems to embody fairness, justice, and equity.
These tools of coexistence are all geared towards preventing, reducing, and eliminating violence in an effort to take societies towards increased integration. In addition to functioning as a framing mechanism, coexistence therefore becomes a term with which different types of peace work can be discussed. Expository essay writing Institut auf dem Rosenberg?
This usage implicitly promotes a multi-pronged approach to conflict prevention and resolution, one that looks not at a single field for a solution, but that acknowledges the need for cross-sectoral (such as conflict resolution, economic development, and public health) and multi-level (from grassroots to policy) efforts. This broad and inclusive approach is fundamental in ielts essay writing tips Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas),
the transition from war to passive coexistence and then to active coexistence, to the child labour essay writing trinity college school,
development of peace practice, and to the ielts essay writing tips Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas),
creation of schemes of work institut montana zugerberg,
As we move further into the 21 st century with an child labour essay writing trinity college school
increasingly complex international political system and a multifaceted field of stakeholders, our language and concepts must adapt to the realities of conflict, violence, and combat. Efforts to mainstream the notion of coexistence in both the peacebuilding and conflict-resolution fields and in everyday interaction are a priority.
The opportunity that increased coexistence presents -- a reduction in violence, an active embracing of diversity, and collaboration within and across fields -- is of increasing value and significance worldwide. The promise of coexistence is schemes of work institut montana zugerberg,
that it provides a needed pause from violence, and a springboard into stronger, more respectful inter-group relationships.
 Eugene Weiner, "Coexistence Work: A New Profession." In The Handbook of Interethnic Coexistence , ed. Eugene Weiner (New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 1998): 13-24. <http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0826411363>.
 The Oxford Dictionary, 1997 ed., Frank R. Abate.
 Kumar Rupesinghe, "Coexistence and how to write a rationale for an essay university of manitoba/ international college of manitoba - navitas,
Transformation in Asia: Some Reflections." In Culture & Identity: Ethnic Coexistence in the Asian Context , ed. Kumar Rupsinghe (Washington, D.C.: The Sasakawa Peace Foundation, 1999): 3-37. How to write expository essay examples Kendall College?
 Louis Kriesberg, "Coexistence and the ielts essay writing tips Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas),
Reconciliation of college preparatory electives shawnigan lake school,
Communal Conflicts." In The Handbook of Interethnic Coexistence , ed. Child labour essay writing Trinity College School?
Eugene Weiner (New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 1998): 182-198. <http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0826411363>.
 The Coexistence Initiative. Organizational brochure.