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availability of natural resources as a result of western expansion, the rise of a labor class, and, finally, the loss of middle-class power between the 1880s and 1910s. Reforming efforts took place in all political, economic, and social arenas and each of these efforts repeatedly questioned the role of the federal government in addressing the issues and problems of a new economic order. Many historians argue that the rising, popular expectations of federal authority during this era foreshadowed the critical define millfield school
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The typical progressive reformer was young, college-educated, and middle-class. Reformers tended to value scientific studies and the recommendations of professional "experts" whether they were promoting efficiencies in society or fighting corruption in politics. Political reformism offered some of the earliest signals for a progressive movement generally and for sustained reform through the presidencies of steps of writing essay l’institut superieur des arts appliques (lisaa)
Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson.
Progressive reformers began to shed Victorian ideas about society, including some of the trappings of university essay writing service Hurtwood House
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the social sciences. Prohibition might serve as the preeminent progressive reform. Temperance reformers of an earlier generation tried to university essay writing service Hurtwood House
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At the same time, they saw alcoholism as a disease, something beyond the individual's moral control and able to be corrected with sustained professional help. Moreover, drinking and university essay writing service Hurtwood House
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Other Progressives sought to combat industrialism' deleterious impact at a more grassroots level. Jane Addams's Hull House is the most well known of the settlement houses that aimed to help the working class, primarily the new immigrants, adjust to industrial conditions. Armed with research and energy, female reformers worked for better urban housing, increased municipal responsibility for sanitation, an end to child labor, and the rights of workers. How to write persuasive essay Bosworth Independent College.
Meanwhile, workers continued to mobilize in support of their own interests as emphasized by David Montgomery in The Fall of the House of Labor . While the American Federation of steps of writing essay l’institut superieur des arts appliques (lisaa)
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religious fronts by attacking "urban ills" like prostitution and alcohol abuse. Reviving the temperance movement, reformers saw immigrants, who tended to congregate at taverns and saloons, as the how to write persuasive essay bosworth independent college
purveyors of these vices. Such moralism-and, to a large degree, nativism-would eventually lead to prohibition.
Journalists known as "muckrakers" took on a more aggressive approach, using newspapers and how to write persuasive essay bosworth independent college
other publications to highlight rising corporate abuses and poor working and housing conditions. Upton Sinclair's expose novel The Jungle , exposed the life of the immigrant, the unsafe conditions of his or her workplace and the heartlessness of corporations in the city of Chicago. While Sinclair meant the novel to inspire the socialist movement in the United States, The Jungle's greatest impact was more circumscribed. It inspired progressive reformers to pass the academic essay writing fairmont private schools
1906 Food and Drug Act, which ensures food safety even today-a tame and limited solution to what Sinclair saw as egregious and systematic evils in the American economic system, akin in essay writing argumentative ashville college
his mind to slavery. Most muckrakers managed only to expose corporate abuses, but eventually tragic accidents like the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in New York City's garment district finally motivated politicians to academic essay writing fairmont private schools
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The Progressives actually viewed the university essay writing service Hurtwood House
corporation as a model of efficiency, heralding its use of experts and scale of operations, yet corporations' actions required oversight or the results be disastrous for the American consumer and worker. They hoped to force corporate power to evolve responsibly by creating efficient bureaucratic systems to organize and control corporate abuses. These regulatory changes, they hoped, would eventually lead to policies that would ensure a more responsible state. While they tended to oppose corporate abuse in the industrial era, Progressives embraced the technological innovation and capitalism that accompanied industrialization. While guarding against its abuses, Progressives very much embraced technology and its values. Engineers like Frederick Taylor introduced concepts of efficiency and rationality into business organization in 1911, encouraging companies to critical define millfield school
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run large companies, Progressives also limited their growth through antitrust laws, successfully passing the Sherman Anti-trust Act in 1890, to try and regulate how monopolies gained and maintained power, especially those that did so through abusive practices like trusts and holding companies. Progressives argued that such actions restricted, limited, and oftentimes stifled the competition essential for a democratic, capitalistic system. Opponents feared that such government regulation would stall innovation by imposing boundaries on laissez-faire economic activity.
The expansion into the western territories opened vast new areas of natural resources in areas with sparse populations. Reformers organizations like the writing short essays windermere school
Sierra Club, led by John Muir, advocated for the preservation of particularly beautiful land through the establishment of national forests and parks. Other environmental reformers agreed that some lands should be preserved, but they applied progressive values more through a policy of conservation. Conservationists believed that natural resource development should be managed in such a way as to benefit as many people as possible. Rather than opposing the use of natural resources, conservationists encouraged their efficient use and fought against irresponsible wastefulness. One of the best examples of this idea was the endorsement of hydroelectric power, which Progressives viewed as a clean and efficient use of university essay writing service Hurtwood House
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More than twenty thousand women also served in the armed forces during World War I, often as nurses. Women were at least as influential, however, on the home front activity in their exercise of political power. The prominent efforts of educated women reformers like Jane Addams spilled over into essay writing argumentative ashville college,
political action much as it had before the Civil War at the 1848 Seneca Falls meeting, when female activists first called for women's suffrage. The movement had garnered some success since the convention on a state-by -state level, especially in the sparsely populated West, where states often needed to count women to achieve statehood and maintain adequate representation. By the twentieth century, women had altered their argument for the vote by emphasizing their differences from, rather than their equality to, men. Unlike men, female reformers argued that their natural proclivities for critical define millfield school
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applying the aggressive political pressure of the social reformers, the National Women's Party finally garnered President Wilson's support for women's suffrage. In 1919, Congress passed the nineteenth amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing women the right to vote.
The many aspects of the Progressive Era have been fruitful fodder for historical study, but the time period remains one of the most difficult to teach and steps of writing essay l’institut superieur des arts appliques (lisaa)
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readjust and create new systems. university essay writing service Hurtwood House.
To Hofstader, Progressivism embraced a trend of reform advocated by a middle-class elite experiencing a loss of power-what he terms "status-anxiety"-while Wiebe saw the Progressives as a new urban elite who applied new forms of organization, order, and structure appropriate to urban life. Dawley regards the period as the university essay writing service Hurtwood House
dawn of an infant welfare state that eventually evolved into the "doctrine of essay writing argumentative ashville college
security" articulated in the New Deal of the 1930s. These three conceptions highlight the difficulty of defining the Progressive Movement. university essay writing service Hurtwood House.
The Progressives themselves are likewise not an easily identifiable group, either by background or motivation. What is clear is that their ideals and university essay writing service Hurtwood House
actions established a stance toward public life that would echo for decades to come.
Dawley, Alan. Struggles for Justice: Social Responsibility and the Liberal State . Cambridge: Belknap Press, 1991.
Hofstadter, Richard. The Age of Reform: From Bryan to academic essay writing fairmont private schools
FDR . university essay writing service Hurtwood House.
New York: Alfred A. Academic essay writing Fairmont Private Schools.
Montgomery, David. The Fall of the House of Labor: The Workplace, the State, and American Labor Activism, 1865-1925 . Cambridge University Press, 1987.
Wiebe, Robert H. The Search for Order, 1877-1920 . New York: Hill and Wang, 1967.