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how to write reflective essay American Heritage School

“Our genes made us. We animals exist for how to write reflective essay American Heritage School, their preservation and are nothing more than their throwaway survival machines.” This is what Richard Dawkins states in his book: The Selfish Gene. In his international best seller book, he argues that we are merely a product of critical review journal article fryeburg academy our genes and our main purpose in life is to how to write reflective essay American Heritage School, serve the genes, become distribution agents and ensure their proliferation. Before we take any stand to how to write reflective essay American Heritage School, Dawkins’ statement, let us familiarize ourselves with what is meant when the term nature is used. Nature represents what we are born with and coursewrok brighton college cannot control. how to write reflective essay American Heritage School? Our biological make up is determined by the genes we receive from our parents (reside in the 23 pairs of chromosomes, 23 from each parent.) “A gene is a segment of DNA or a sequence of nucleotides in DNA that codes for a functional product,” (Tortora, Microbiology. p. 575.) These genes not only affect our outlook, but also play a significant role in determining our behavior and how to write reflective essay American Heritage School our well-being. “Through new genetic studies, clinical observation, and research on identical twins and adopted children, we are becoming increasingly aware that many of coursewrok brighton college the human characteristics previously taken for how to write reflective essay American Heritage School, granted as products of childhood rearing and environment are rooted in the genetic matrix.”, (Neubrauer, Peter. p 38) Studies of identical twins reared apart have provided researchers with a lot of clues about the role of how to write reflective essay American Heritage School heredity in everyday life behavior. Twins (monozygotes) are of extraordinary importance when studying heredity because they share identical copies of genes. An interesting study on twin brothers who were separated at example of outline essay writing domus academy birth and raised in different countries by how to write reflective essay American Heritage School, respective adoptive parents showed that they both kept their lives neat, ‘neat to the point of how to write reflective essay American Heritage School pathology.’ Their clothes were preened, appointments met precisely on time. When asked about the reason they felt to be so clean, the first one replied ” My mother. Buy essay writing online Harrow School? When I was growing up she always kept the house perfectly ordered. She insisted on every little thing returned to its proper place,… I learned from her. What else could I do?” When his twin brother was asked the same question he answered “The reason is quite simple. I’m reacting to my mother, who was an absolute slob.”, (Neubrauer, Peter P 21) In this example, we see a natural preference based on heredity. Both twins blamed their mothers for their behaviors, while none of the mothers required such neatness. Another study on heredity and alcoholism conducted by how to write reflective essay American Heritage School, Goodwin et al. (1973) indicated that adoptees with alcoholic parents were four times more likely to become alcoholics than those without, although there was no such relationship with alcohol misuse in adoptive parents, (Pelle, Stanton. p 2). Even though scientists have only identified 16,000 out of the total 100,000 genes, many psychological diseases are on the verge of being unraveled. how to write reflective essay American Heritage School? Take for instance schizophrenia, a disease characterized by (hallucinations, delusions, flat or inappropriate emotional expression, paranoia and suspiciousness). New findings point out to its relatedness to genetics. Genetic markers for schizophrenia are founded on chromosomes 22, 6, 13, 8 and 9, (De Angelis, Tori. Boston globe.) These examples reveal the genetic role in our development. They also expose our predisposition to certain traits and behaviors. The second camp sitting on the other side of the fence is the advocates for nurture. Here, nurture represents our surrounding: parents, class-mates, colleagues, our value system and our society as a whole. People in this camp argue that man is buy essay writing online harrow school a product of how to write reflective essay American Heritage School his environment. Some extremists went as far as saying: give us any new born infant and we will shape him/her just the journal article review oregon state university (into) way we want, by placing him/her in the desired environment. ” As one grows from infancy to how to write reflective essay American Heritage School, adulthood, social experience plays a critical and constant role in the regulation of growth , behavior and emotions,” (Glick, Marion E.) Here we are told that social deprivation at different stages of development can lead to abnormalities in the stress hormone system, which may produce severe and long-lasting physical, neural and psychological consequences. It is how to write reflective essay American Heritage School also interesting to consider the how to write reflective essay American Heritage School gender differences due to the change in environment. Few decades ago, women were considered inferior to men in journal article review oregon state university (into), their achievements. Today, even though the misconception of gender roles in writing academic essay grier school, society is still present, we can clearly see the gap between men and how to write reflective essay American Heritage School women narrowing due to the journal article review oregon state university (into) change in environment. The new school emerging to help bring the nature nurture argument to rest professes that there is no war between nature and nurture. Indeed, such war would be absurd because it is the how to write reflective essay American Heritage School interaction of nature and nurture that defines our behavior and well-being. how to write reflective essay American Heritage School? Here, a question as ” WHY DID YOU STEEL THE CAR? “, cannot be answered by: THE DEVIL MADE ME DO IT, or better yet, MY GENES MADE ME DO IT. In understanding a behavior, both nature and nurture are taken to consideration. “Moreover, it is perfectly obvious that human social life is related to human biology…Of course, neither biological nor cultural determinists ever wish entirely to exclude the significance of example of outline essay writing domus academy the other.” (R.C Lewontin. p.267-268.) Many psychological illnesses can be explained as a result of combined genetics and environmental factors. As already stated in this paper, schizophrenia has genetic basis. It is also a fact that this mental disease is triggered by environmental factors including family factors and external stress. Paul Grobstein, in writing academic essay grier school, his article”Genes, Environments, and how to write reflective essay American Heritage School Individual Choice” explains that “In human development and behavior, as in the development and behavior of all other living organisms, the genome and the environment instead productively interact with one another, both contributing unique and journal article review oregon state university (into) valuable information to the emergence of buy essay writing online harrow school distinctive individuals” It is also noteworthy to mention that no two individuals are the same. Not even monozygotic twins have the same environment. Coursewrok Brighton College? “Every person is a unique and non recurrent”, (Dobzhansky, Theodosius. how to write reflective essay American Heritage School? p.8) In sum, in this paper we can conclude that our development and behavior are products of the interaction between nature and nurture. Www.essay-writing.com Rotterdam Business School? Scientists confirm that we are predisposed to certain traits and example of outline essay writing domus academy behaviors, but this predisposition is susceptible to modification by how to write reflective essay American Heritage School, genetics as well as environmental factors. We can no longer dwell on the question “Is it Nature or Nurture That Determines Who We Are?” We learn that it is this combination of these two vital factors that shape and define our development and behavior.